Internet technology is a complex web of connections and links, even though it looks seemingly easier for us to send emails and download files. There are millions of processes that take place in a matter of nanoseconds when we hit the “Send” or “Enter” button. In the complex web of internet technology, there are no routes, maps, or directions to follow.
The IP (Internet Protocol) address is the main element that makes the internet work. The Internet Protocol refers to a set of ways with which actions or commands are carried on. The IP is involved in carrying out commands from one point to another, such as sending emails. The IP address connects the computer to a resource and from there it transmutes to the other end with the desired result.
After IP addresses, the next component is the URL and the DNS. The URL is the Universal Resource Locator and the DNS is Domain Name Server. Both the URL and DNS are used for identification. The DNS finds the IP address of the sender and receiver, and the URL is like a large database. Every website or blog has a unique URL, which are used to identify the location.
When you send a message to any email id, the message does not travel to the receiver’s mailbox in “one piece”. This means that the content is broken up into fragments or packets. It is like mailing a book to a friend page by page, and each page contains the IP address and other details.
Also, each of the packets does not reach the destination with the same set of wiring. Each packet travels through different routes that are closer to the destination and not congested. Miraculously, all the packets get delivered to the received without fail and in one “whole” condition. In other words, you receive a complete email and not its fragments.